The majority of emissions come from on-road vehicles including light-duty passenger vehicles and heavy-duty vehicles. Of these vehicles types, 71.5% are passenger vehicles and 27.9% are heavy-duty vehicles, which often use diesel as the primary fuel. Additional in-boundary transportation emissions come from rail and boats, though these make a small percentage of travel emissions.
In 2017, the majority of commuters traveled in single-occupancy vehicles (68.1%). Just over 10% carpooled. Together, transit, biking, and walking made up about 15% of commuters, and 5.6% of residents worked from home. There is opportunity to continue to shift people from personal vehicles to other modes of transit. As technologies and services change, there are more options than ever for people to move around the city.
To reduce these emissions down to zero by 2050, we must both do less driving of powered-vehicles and accelerate the adoption of all-electric vehicles. This includes making Saint Paul a safer and more appealing place for residents and visitors to walk, ride a bicycle, and use public transportation, as well as making it easier for residents and businesses to switch to electric vehicles.
The way that our City continues to change and develop can have a dramatic impact on transportation emissions. Emissions-reducing land-use practices include the permitting of higher density and mixed-used development, so that residents and visitors can meet their delay needs while creating fewer emissions from fossil-fuel powered vehicles.
The Climate Action and Resilience Plan focuses on reducing emissions first by making cleaner modes of transportation the easy option. Reducing the amount of vehicle miles driven is critical to achieving carbon emission reduction goals. Providing safe and easy access to walking, rolling (e.g., using scooters, skateboards, rollerblades, wheelchairs, etc.) , and biking has the added benefit of promoting better health.
TM-1 Reduce or eliminate citywide minimum parking requirements and set parking maximums for most land-use types and require developers and landlords to “unbundle” parking from rent
TM-2 Redesign parking fees to capture the full cost of parking in downtown and other high-demand commercial districts
TM-3 Provide a stable funding source to implement the recommendations of the city’s Comprehensive Plan
TM-4 Bring together various stakeholders including the city, transit agencies, and community groups to create affordable housing in the transit market areas defined by the Metropolitan Council
TM-5 Implement pricing strategies that accurately capture the cost of driving and auto-centric infrastructure on city roads
TM-6 Identify strategies to mitigate the impacts of inner-city highways including capping, conversion to boulevards, or complete removal
TM-7 Incentivize infill development by implementing smart growth strategies described in the city’s draft Comprehensive Plan
TM-8 Increase the number of communities that are mixed-use and higher-density TM-9 Implement the “Vision Zero” program recommendation of the Comprehensive Plan to achieve zero traffic fatalities on city rights-of-way
There are many transit options for Saint Paul residents, including light rail, bus rapid transit (BRT), express buses, and local bus lines. However not all parts of the city are serviced equally with transit options – and as transit ridership increases, we must ensure that deployment of transit options is equitable.
TR-1 Ensure shared mobility options are located within .25-mile of transit service to increase options for the first and last mile
TR-2 Work with city, state, regional and federal stakeholders to identify long-term sustainable funding strategies to complete the planned build-out of transit lines
TR-3 Create high-frequency rapid transit in all parts of the transit market areas defined by Metropolitan Council
TR-4 Increase transit coverage in concentrated areas of poverty to increase access to jobs and destinations in the downtown core; ensure mobility options remain public and accessible
TR-5 Support transit with last mile solutions including electric car-share, standard or e-bike share, and scooters that will become more broadly available at mobility charging hubs
TR-6 Streamline services to prevent redundancy and enable passengers to easily understand routes and schedules
TR-7 Strategically place stops to improve transit speed and reliability
TR-8 Upgrade and refurbish highly used transit stops to include amenities such as benches, shelters, trash cans, way finding signs and lighting
TR-9 Relocate stops that feel unsafe or are placed near high-speed vehicle traffic
TR-10 Invest in all-door boarding and off-board fare payment
TR-11 Improve accessibility at transit stops for those in wheelchairs or with limited mobility. Continue to add ADA-compliant pads, and prioritize improvements in neighborhoods experiencing poverty
TR-12 Create a framework where ride-hailing services reduce overall trips by combining them with other tools such as walking, biking, transit, shared rides, and compact development
LAND USE AND MOBILITY
Ensuring that transportation alternatives are feasible and safe for Saint Paul residents is crucial to see changes in the ways that people move around the city. The presence and maintenance of the mobility infrastructure like bicycle lanes and curb cuts for all types of wheels and walkers can help improve user experience.
LM-1 Accelerate the build-out of the full bicycle network planned in the Saint Paul Bicycle Plan to add a total of 195 miles of new bikeways; update the plan to reflect best practices prioritizing protected bicycle facilities over unprotected or shared lanes
LM-2 Invest in driver education programs to improve the visibility and acceptance of those walking and biking on city streets and enhance safety
LM-3 Outline clear policies for electric bikes, skateboards, and scooters on city bike lanes, paths, and trails
LM-4 Implement a road diet on all four-lane city streets
LM-5 Incorporate accessibility options for wheelchairs and other mobility devices in build-out of protected lanes
LM-6 Enable the ubiquitous availability of shared bicycles in all the transit market areas defined by the Metropolitan Council
LM-7 Work with stakeholders to incentivize bike usage by providing bike-share memberships and increase the availability of bike showers and lockers
LM-8 Improve bicycle access and parking at transit stations and stops and expand the number of transit routes that allow bikes to be brought on board
LM-9 Redesign roads to be safer for people by narrowing streets through four-to-three lane conversions, reduced street widths, curb extensions, and refuge medians
LM-10 Dedicate annual funding for the Bicycle, Pedestrian, and Traffic Safety Fund to move toward relative parity with investments in vehicle infrastructure
LM-11 Complete filling in the 327 miles of sidewalk gaps in the city, focusing on the high-priority areas defined in the city’s Pedestrian Plan
LM-12 Prioritize safe walking to transit stops. Ensure that pedestrian facilities near transit stops feel safe, comfortable and are accessible
LM-13 Continue to support and fund the Saint Paul Safe Routes to School Policy Plan to ensure the safety of children walking to school; work with students to help plan routes
LM-14 Invest in street crossing treatments that highlight pedestrian visibility and slow drivers
LM-15 Invest in proactive sidewalk inspections after heavy snowfalls and provide city resources to clear snow where needed
The cost of an electric vehicle (EV) continues to become more affordable. In order to enable wider adoption of electric vehicles, there needs to be investment in charging infrastructure (EVSE). Providing and prioritizing electric car-share hubs, allows residents to access cars without having to own one.
EV-1 Continue to increase access to shared electric vehicles in partnership with car-sharing services and Xcel Energy
EV-2 Expand access to public charging infrastructure
EV-3 Ensure all residents are within a quarter mile of a mobility charging hub
EV-4 Incentivize electric vehicle sales by providing charging at city-owned parking lots and working with employers to provide workplace charging
EV-5 Provide a regulatory framework to permit charging on residential streets in front of multifamily dwellings
EV-6 Proactively encourage the safe use of non-car electric vehicles such as e-bikes and scooters on city rights-of-way
EV-7 Implement building ordinances that require new developments to have wiring capacity to charge electric vehicles and reserve a percentage of new parking spots for exclusive EV use
EV-8 Encourage electric car-sharing programs to help familiarize residents with EVs, while reducing total driving demand. Prioritize deployment of these programs in areas with low levels of car ownership
- Reduce your Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)
- Ride a bike, take a scooter, or walk when possible
- Use public transit
- Use the Evie Carshare Program
- Switch from a gas-powered vehicle to an electric vehicle
- Find incentives and rebates online to purchase your own EV